Disease Information

Cervical Cancer Overview

What is Cervical Cancer?

Cervical cancer, which is a type of gynecological cancer, begins in the cervix -- the narrow organ that connects the body of the uterus (womb) to the vagina (birth canal). At one time, cervical cancer was one of the most common causes of cancer death for American women. However, the cervical cancer death rate has dropped significantly with the increased use of the Pap test, which can find cervical precancer before it turns into cancer.

Virginia Oncology Associates offers an integrated team-oriented approach to provide patients with the best possible care during their cervical cancer journey. We have a team of gynecologic oncologists that specialize in women’s cancers and will take time to explain the facts and answer your questions at every step along the way. Our team of dedicated, highly-trained oncologists and staff are committed to providing the highest quality, compassionate care to our patients.

Review this section's important information about cervical cancer diagnosis, staging, and treatment options, as well as patient and survivor resources as you prepare for an appointment with your gynecologic oncologist. After reviewing these sections, ask your cancer care team any additional questions you may have about your individual situation.

Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

Cervical Cancer Diagnosis

Having regular Pap tests is the simplest way to look at cervical cells. Pap tests can help find precancerous cervical cells before they turn cancerous. If there is a suspicion that you may have cervical cancer, your doctor will order additional tests to make a diagnosis.

Cervical Cancer Staging

Cervical Cancer Staging

Your oncologist will need to learn the extent (stage) of the disease in order to help you choose the best course of treatment for your cervical cancer. By staging, your doctor can determine if the cancer has invaded nearby tissue or has spread to other parts of the body.

Cervical Cancer Treatment Options

Cervical Cancer Treatment Options

The cervical cancer doctors at Virginia Oncology Associates work together with you to develop the best treatment plan for your cervical cancer. Treatment is based on various factors, which typically include the size of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread, and whether you would like to become pregnant. Treatment options often include one or more of the following:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
Cervical Cancer Research & Clinical Trials

Cervical Cancer Research & Clinical Trials

Virginia Oncology Associates’ cancer researchers, with US Oncology Network, are leading the way to find new cancer treatment options through clinical trials that are available at locations across Virginia.

The team at VOA is always looking for the latest cancer treatment options for patients and are also involved with many other types of breakthrough cervical and gynecologic cancer research studies.

Click for a full list of our available gynecologic cancer research studies.

Cervical Cancer Support Services

Cervical Cancer Support Services

Support groups, genetic risk testing, and financial counseling are just some of the areas the specialists at Virginia Oncology Associates are here to help with during your cancer journey. We encourage you to learn more and take advantage of our cancer support groups and disease-specific organizations, including local community resources specifically in Virginia such as the Cancer Foundation of Tidewater.

Visit the National Cancer Institute where this information and more can be found about cervical cancer or ask your cancer care team questions about your individual situation.

Lo que necesita saber sobre el cáncer de cuello uterino en español.

Additional Gynecologic Cancer Education